National WIC Association

Lower breastfeeding rates persist among the Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children participants, 1978–2003

Ryan AS, Zhou W. Lower breastfeeding rates persist among the Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children participants, 1978–2003. Pediatrics. Apr 2006;117(4):1136-1146.

The aim of this study was to compare rates of breastfeeding between women who participated in the WIC Program with those who did not, from 1978 to 2003. Results showed that breastfeeding rates among WIC participants lagged behind those of non-WIC mothers for the past 25 years. Food package and programmatic changes are needed to enhance WIC participants’ incentives to breastfeed.