Gregory PM, de Jesus ML. Racial differences in birth outcomes and costs in relation to prenatal WIC participation. N J Med. Mar 2003;100(3):29-36.
This study analyzed birth outcomes and the cost of infant hospitalization at delivery for black and non-black Medicaid clients, in relation to their level of prenatal participation in the WIC Program. Based on the results, prenatal WIC participation was associated with lower Medicaid costs and better birth outcomes, particularly for blacks.