All content tagged with the term "breastfeeding-decisions".
November 1, 2007 -
The WIC Infant-Feeding Practices Study was a nationally representative 1-year longitudinal study of WIC participants that obtained information about attitudes regarding infant feeding and infant-feeding practices. Results indicated that all ethnic groups were concerned about insufficient milk. Hispanic mothers were more likely to agree with the statements about the benefits of breastfeeding. Black mothers were more likely to agree with statements about barriers. These results could help inform a redesign of the WIC breastfeeding promotion campaign.
April 1, 2007 -
The study aimed to understand the disparity in the breastfeeding initiation rates among Native Hawaiian (64%) and Hawaiian WIC participants (89%). The results indicated that mothers exclusively breastfeeding at initiation weaned significantly later and were significantly more likely to breastfeed for 6 months, than were mothers who partially breastfed.
April 1, 2006 -
The aim of this study was to compare rates of breastfeeding between women who participated in the WIC Program with those who did not, from 1978 to 2003. Results showed that breastfeeding rates among WIC participants lagged behind those of non-WIC mothers for the past 25 years. Food package and programmatic changes are needed to enhance WIC participants’ incentives to breastfeed.
April 1, 2005 -
This study examined the factors associated with breastfeeding initiation for low-income women. Women who were older, white, non-Hispanic, college educated, married, not certified for WIC, and not working full time were more likely to breastfeed than formula feed at hospital discharge.
November 1, 2004 -
The authors analyzed data from the Ross Mothers Survey rates for breastfeeding in the hospital and at 6 months within four geographic regions of the US. The results showed that college education and non-participation in the WIC Program were the strongest predictors of breastfeeding in the hospital.
June 1, 2004 -
This study involved conducting focus group discussions on breastfeeding beliefs and perceptions with low-income pregnant women and new mothers receiving services from WIC. Participants identified time, embarrassment, and pain as barriers to breastfeeding; discussed decision-making efforts regarding breastfeeding; identified cultural beliefs related to breastfeeding; and discussed the lack of care-provider support for breastfeeding.
February 1, 2003 -
This study analyzed breastfeeding initiation rates among Michigan preteen and teenage mothers (ages 12 to 19) by demographics and health behaviors. The results showed that for white mothers, the strongest predictor of breastfeeding initiation was education beyond high school. Black mothers were less likely to breastfeed if they had multiparous births.
January 1, 2003 -
This study applied a social ecological framework to investigate reasons for lagging breastfeeding rates among African-American women. Results show that macro-level factors—such as the media, aggressive marketing of breast milk substitutes, welfare reform, hospital policy, and breastfeeding legislation—interact with micro-level factors to influence a woman’s decision to breastfeed.
September 1, 2002 -
The objective of this study was to find out whether employees at WIC initiated and continued to breastfeed significantly longer than the national averages. As expected, 99% of WIC employees initiated breastfeeding, and 68.6% continued to breastfeed to 1 year, significantly exceeding national averages. Given that nearly 70% of the study participants reached the American Academy of Pediatrics goal of breastfeeding to 12 months or longer, it is clear that full-time employment and breastfeeding can be compatible, given appropriate worksite support.