All content tagged with the term "infant-health".
January 1, 2005 -
This systematic review showed that for the offspring, consequences of inadequate maternal nutrition might depend on the timing of nutritional inadequacy during gestation, reflecting critical windows for fetal development. Therefore, improved diet before pregnancy deserves greater attention.
November 1, 2004 -
The goals of this study were (1) to examine the influence of prenatal nutrition on birth outcomes, (2) to describe research on the effects of macro- and micronutrients on birth outcomes, and (3) to discuss strategies for monitoring diet and implementing nutrition education during pregnancy.
June 1, 2004 -
The researchers examined the effects of prenatal participation in the New York State WIC Program on birthweight through enhanced control of selection bias and gestational age bias. Adjusted estimates showed a significant positive effect of longer prenatal WIC participation on birth outcomes for all of the groups studied.
December 1, 2003 -
The objective of this study was to examine whether socioeconomic status (SES) gradients emerged in health outcomes as early as birth. Results showed that participation in WIC substantially flattened income gradients for short-term participants and virtually eliminated an income gradient among long-term participants. The researcher concluded that WIC’s effects on income gradients warrant additional study, to explore further whether interventions or participants’ characteristics could resolve socioeconomic disparities in such early-life health outcomes as low birthweight.
May 1, 2003 -
This research was done to verify the linkages between the Medicaid prenatal care programs, in response to expansions of the Medicaid eligibility criteria. According to the fully adjusted model, the interventions designed to reduce behaviors like smoking, drinking, and using hard drugs (but not marijuana) during pregnancy had no favorable effects on birthweight. In contrast, participation in the WIC Program was associated with an increase in mean birthweight of 22 grams. The increase was 48 grams among inadequately nourished women only.
March 1, 2003 -
This study analyzed birth outcomes and the cost of infant hospitalization at delivery for black and non-black Medicaid clients, in relation to their level of prenatal participation in the WIC Program. Based on the results, prenatal WIC participation was associated with lower Medicaid costs and better birth outcomes, particularly for blacks.
January 1, 2003 -
The goal of this study was to determine whether perceived levels of social support affected birthweight. Data suggested that infants born to African-American mothers were, on average, 297 grams lighter than those born to white mothers. For African-American mothers only, the mean birthweight decreased significantly as the neighborhood level of economic disadvantage increased. A positive association between perceived levels of social support and birthweight was found for white mothers only.
May 1, 2002 -
This study examined the impact of maternal participation in WIC on birthweight. The authors concluded that after controlling for potential biases, a significant positive association between WIC participation and birthweight was observed.
March 1, 2002 -
The study objective was to determine whether collocation of WIC clinics at managed care provider sites improved health care for infants enrolled in Medicaid and WIC. The findings revealed that compared with other infants, those who visited collocated WIC sites were either closer to their age-appropriate weight or had higher immunization rates when recertified by WIC staff after their first birthday.
February 1, 2002 -
The researchers’ goal was to determine whether the availability of community health and social services was associated with the risk of poor fetal growth for infants born small for gestational age (SGA). There was no association between SGA births and the accessibility of community services for either high- or low-risk women.