National WIC Association

Can targeted transfers improve birth outcomes? Evidence from the introduction of the WIC Program

Hoynes H, et al. Can targeted transfers improve birth outcomes? Evidence from the introduction of the WIC Program. J Public Econ. Aug 2011;95(7/8):813-827.

This study explored the relationship between participation in the WIC Program and birth outcomes. The authors analyzed whether WIC participation increased the average birthweight and decreased the number of low-birthweight births. Based on the results, WIC initiation raised the average birthweight by 2 grams and raised it by 7 grams among infants born to mothers with low education levels.