All content tagged with the term "nutrition".
January 1, 2005 -
This systematic review showed that for the offspring, consequences of inadequate maternal nutrition might depend on the timing of nutritional inadequacy during gestation, reflecting critical windows for fetal development. Therefore, improved diet before pregnancy deserves greater attention.
November 1, 2004 -
The goals of this study were (1) to examine the influence of prenatal nutrition on birth outcomes, (2) to describe research on the effects of macro- and micronutrients on birth outcomes, and (3) to discuss strategies for monitoring diet and implementing nutrition education during pregnancy.
October 1, 2004 -
The authors investigated the impact of the WIC Program on the eating behaviors of preschool children in southeastern Idaho. Researchers found that after 6 months on WIC, the mean overall Healthy Eating Index score and subscores for vegetables, fruits, and meats increased significantly.
August 1, 2004 -
The researchers indentified the barriers to and motivators of behavior change for WIC families. Barriers included lack of parenting skills, lack of knowledge, unhealthy social environments, lack of time, and lack of social or financial support. The motivators included feelings of responsibility, concern for child health and development, and positive social support. Facilitated discussions, support groups, cooking classes, and a WIC website were participants’ preferred methods of nutrition education.
July 1, 2004 -
This study investigated the association between beverage consumption and changes in body mass index and weight among preschool children participating in the North Dakota WIC Program. Results showed no association.
February 1, 2004 -
The purpose of the study was to evaluate nutrient, food intake, and snacking behavior by participation in the WIC Program. The findings showed that WIC had a beneficial effect on the intake of fat, carbohydrates, added sugar, and fruit from the total diet, as well as on added sugar from snacks.
January 1, 2004 -
Using data from the 2002 Feeding Infants and Toddlers Study (FITS), the researchers examined the nutrient intakes, foods consumed, and feeding patterns of infants and toddlers participating in WIC. Results found that infants enrolled in WIC were less likely to have been breastfed, compared with other US children. Significant numbers of WIC and non-WIC toddlers did not consume enough fruits and vegetables.
November 1, 2003 -
This study determined the prevalence of inadequate and excessive intakes of zinc in preschool children. In general, American preschool children had excess dietary zinc intakes, and less than 1% of children had zinc intakes below the adequate intake or estimated average requirement.
January 1, 2003 -
The purpose of this study was to understand the relationship between dietary composition and weight change among a sample of children enrolled in the North Dakota WIC Program. No significant relationships were found between total intake of fat, fiber, fruits, or vegetables and weight change. The results indicated less weight change associated with an increased consumption of breads and grains and more weight change with an increased consumption of fatty foods.
July 1, 2002 -
The authors evaluated the overall effectiveness of behavioral dietary interventions and explored the effectiveness of specific intervention features. Most studies found that interventions led to improvements in dietary behaviors to prevent chronic disease. Because studies varied in design, analysis techniques, and outcome measures, researchers could not draw broad conclusions about the most effective components of the interventions.