Schneider JM, et al. Anemia, iron deficiency, and iron deficiency anemia in 12- to 36-month-old children from low-income families. Am J Clin Nutr. Dec 2005;82(6):1269-1275.
The objectives of this study were (1) to determine the prevalence of anemia, low iron stores, iron deficiency, and iron deficiency anemia in children participating in WIC and (2) to assess the value of using hemoglobin to predict iron deficiency. The findings showed that anemia and iron deficiency were prevalent, but that iron deficiency anemia was not.