Gai Y, Feng L. Effects of federal nutrition program on birth outcomes. Atl Econ J. 2012;40(1):61-83.
The authors examined the impact of the WIC Program on birth outcomes. They found that rather than affecting average outcomes, WIC was more effective in reducing the probability of high-risk births, for example, very premature and low-birthweight babies. The potential benefits of the WIC Program can be realized by enhancing its focus on more disadvantaged mothers.