National WIC Association

Food insecurity is associated with adverse health outcomes among human infants and toddlers

Cook JT, et al. Food insecurity is associated with adverse health outcomes among human infants and toddlers. J Nutr. Jun 2004;134(6):1432-1438.

The purpose of this study was to determine whether household food insecurity was associated with adverse health outcomes in a sentinel population ages 36 months or younger. The study showed that compared with food-secure children, food-insecure children’s odds of “fair or poor” health were nearly twice as high, and their odds of being hospitalized since birth were almost a third higher. Effect modification occurred between Food Stamps and food insecurity; Food Stamps attenuated, but did not eliminate, associations between food insecurity and fair/poor health.