Cook JT, et al. Food insecurity is associated with adverse health outcomes among human infants and toddlers. J Nutr. Jun 2004;134(6):1432-1438.
The purpose of this study was to determine whether household food insecurity was associated with adverse health outcomes in a sentinel population ages 36 months or younger. The study showed that compared with food-secure children, food-insecure children’s odds of “fair or poor” health were nearly twice as high, and their odds of being hospitalized since birth were almost a third higher. Effect modification occurred between Food Stamps and food insecurity; Food Stamps attenuated, but did not eliminate, associations between food insecurity and fair/poor health.