Delahanty JC, et al. Smoking status and stages of change for dietary behaviors among WIC women. Am J Health Behav. Nov/Dec 2008;32(6):583-593.
This study examined whether dietary attitudes and demographics differed, based on the smoking status among low-income women participating in a dietary intervention. Results indicated that relative to nonsmokers, current smokers reported significantly higher overall calories; higher percentages of calories from fat, sweets, and alcohol; and a lower percentage of calories from protein. Those who had never smoked and who received the dietary intervention evidenced the greatest dietary changes over time.