National WIC Association

WIC participation and breastfeeding among white and black mothers: data from Mississippi

Marshall C, et al. WIC participation and breastfeeding among white and black mothers: data from Mississippi. Matern Child Health J. Dec 2013;17(10):1784-92.

This study investigated the association between WIC participation and breastfeeding behaviors among white and black women in Mississippi. Analyses of data from the 2004–2008 Mississippi Pregnancy Risk Assessment Monitoring System revealed that 52.2 % of white women and 82.1 % of black women participated in WIC. A total of 60.4 % of white women and 39.7 % of black women initiated breastfeeding, and 26.5 % and 21.9 %, respectively, were breastfeeding at 10 weeks postpartum. WIC participation was negatively associated with breastfeeding initiation among whites, but not blacks.