National WIC Association

Obesity Prevention

All content tagged with the term "obesity-prevention".


  • Perceived benefits and barriers related to postpartum weight loss of overweight/obese postpartum WIC participants

    January 1, 2005 - Bibliography
    The purposes of this study were (1) to understand perceived benefits and barriers related to weight loss in a group of overweight/obese postpartum WIC moms and (2) to identify intervention measures that the WIC Program could implement. Researchers identified lack of support and finances, as well as low self-esteem, as barriers to weight loss. They concluded that a support group approach within a weight loss program would be beneficial.


  • Walking the talk: Fit WIC wellness programs improve self-efficacy in pediatric obesity prevention counseling

    September 1, 2004 - Bibliography
    Using a pretest/posttest study design, the authors conducted a staff wellness pilot intervention program to improve staff self-efficacy in counseling WIC clients about childhood overweight in six sites of the California WIC Program. The results showed that intervention site staff were more likely to report that they felt their health habits were setting a good example for WIC clients. In addition, they were more motivated to eat healthy diets and be physically active. Furthermore, they felt more comfortable counseling WIC clients about how to improve their child’s weight status and to be more physically active with their families.


  • Feasibility and benefits of a parent-focused preschool child obesity intervention

    September 1, 2004 - Bibliography
    This study tested the feasibility and benefits of an intervention that promoted parental behaviors to prevent obesity in children enrolled in the WIC Program. The intervention was effective in increasing some of the behaviors. Results demonstrated that it was feasible to change parental behaviors through a multidimensional education intervention in a WIC clinic setting.


  • Relationship of child-feeding practices to overweight in low-income Mexican-American preschool-aged children

    July 1, 2004 - Bibliography
    The purpose of the study was to understand the relationship between overweight status in low-income Mexican-American preschool-aged children and child-feeding practices, as well as other factors. The results indicated that birthweight, a mother’s body mass index of 30 or above, and juice intake were positively related to overweight status. Children participating in the WIC Program were less likely to be overweight.


  • Counseling Latina mothers of preschool children about weight issues: suggestions for a new framework

    March 1, 2004 - Bibliography
    The authors’ aims were (1) to assess Latina mothers’ health beliefs and attitudes regarding childhood weight issues and (2) to inform nutrition education methods. Among the findings were these key issues: The mothers found it difficult to acknowledge having an overweight child, and they believed that health and weight were not closely related. Results indicated that traditional nutrition counseling might be ineffective for Latina mothers. Reframing nutrition messages in terms of positive eating behaviors, rather than weight, might be more effective to improve health and weight status.


  • Childhood overweight in a New York City WIC population

    March 1, 2004 - Bibliography
    The researchers estimated the prevalence of overweight in a population of young children enrolled in a New York City WIC Program. The findings showed that 40% of the children were overweight or at risk of overweight. In addition, Hispanic children were more than twice as likely to be overweight or at risk of overweight. Moreover, 2-year-olds were less likely to be overweight than were 3- and 4-year-olds. The researchers concluded that interventions should target young children and be culturally specific.


  • Altering the perceptions of WIC health professionals about childhood obesity using video with facilitated group discussion

    March 1, 2004 - Bibliography
    The purpose of this study was to determine whether viewing a documentary about three WIC families, followed by a group facilitated discussion, could alter perceptions of nutrition professionals about barriers and solutions to addressing the problem of obesity in low-income preschool children. The intervention was successful, resulting in a change in perceptions: Participants were able to identify more barriers and solutions after the intervention.


  • The effect of breastfeeding with and without formula use on the risk of obesity at 4 years of age

    January 1, 2004 - Bibliography
    The purposes of this study were to determine (1) the shortest duration of breastfeeding required to have a protective effect against obesity, (2) whether formula lessened the effect, and (3) what, if any, maternal or child characteristics influenced the effect. The study found that exclusively breastfeeding for at least 16 weeks, or breastfeeding with some formula supplementation for at least 26 weeks, was associated with a reduced risk of obesity at age 4 in white children whose mothers had not smoked in pregnancy.


  • Neighborhood playgrounds, fast food restaurants, and crime: relationships to overweight in low-income preschool children

    January 1, 2004 - Bibliography
    This study examined the relationship between overweight in preschool children and their environment. No association was found between overweight and proximity to playgrounds or fast food restaurants. Additionally, no association was found between overweight and level of neighborhood crime.


  • Application of the Transtheoretical Model of behavior change to the physical activity behavior of WIC mothers

    July 1, 2003 - Bibliography
    This descriptive-correlational study examined the Transtheoretical Model (TTM) of behavior change in relation to the physical activity behavior of WIC mothers. Relationships between stage of behavior change and other TTM constructs were found and helped inform strategies to increase physical activity in this population.