National WIC Association

WIC Funding and Operation

WIC is a preventative public health nutrition and breastfeeding program under the jurisdiction of the U.S. Department of Agriculture, Food and Nutrition Service (FNS). It is a domestic discretionary program funded annually through the appropriations committee process by grants to each state. FNS provides funding and policy guidance and creates regulations.


Fast Facts

2011

8.96 million women, infants, and children were served by a funding level of $7.169 billion.

2012

8.91 million women, infants, and children served by a funding level of $6.798 billion.


Related Blog Posts

December 1, 2014
Weekly WIC Policy Update

Read the latest WIC policy updates.


November 17, 2014
Weekly WIC Policy Update

Read the latest WIC policy news.


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Related Research

January 1, 2012
WIC and the price of infant formula

The authors presented an economic model of a national infant formula market. Their research showed that the behavior of paying customers, manufacturers, and retail stores determined the value of local sole-source contracts to manufacturers. In turn,  this value motivated manufacturers to acquire sole-source contracts and make rebate payments that contained the taxpayer cost of providing infant formula to WIC Program participants.


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Why It Matters

  • While in the recent past WIC has received funds to serve every applicant, the Program receives a finite grant amount each year designated by Congress, so continued support for the Program is essential.
  • WIC is an efficient and effective program that provides significant returns on investment.
  • WIC is supported across political, ideological, ethnic, and socio-economic lines in the U.S.

NWA Resources

 

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