WIC is a preventative public health nutrition and breastfeeding program under the jurisdiction of the U.S. Department of Agriculture, Food and Nutrition Service (FNS). It is a domestic discretionary program funded annually through the appropriations committee process by grants to each state. FNS provides funding and policy guidance and creates regulations.
8.96 million women, infants, and children were served by a funding level of $7.169 billion.
8.91 million women, infants, and children served by a funding level of $6.798 billion.
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The authors presented an economic model of a national infant formula market. Their research showed that the behavior of paying customers, manufacturers, and retail stores determined the value of local sole-source contracts to manufacturers. In turn, this value motivated manufacturers to acquire sole-source contracts and make rebate payments that contained the taxpayer cost of providing infant formula to WIC Program participants.