Beal AC, et al. Breastfeeding advice given to African-American and white women by physicians and WIC counselors. Public Health Rep. Jul/Aug 2003;118(4):368-376.
This study determined rates of breastfeeding advice given to African-American and white women by medical providers and WIC nutrition counselors. It also sought to determine whether racial differences in advice contributed to racial differences in rates of breastfeeding. Results indicated that self-reported racial identification did not predict a medical provider’s advice. However, being African American was associated with less likelihood of being given breastfeeding advice and greater likelihood of receiving bottle-feeding advice from WIC nutrition counselors.