Pugh LC, et al. Breastfeeding duration, costs, and benefits of a support program for low-income breastfeeding women. Birth. Jun 2002;29(2):95-100.
This study compared usual care with an intervention comprising hospital and home visits, as well as telephone support by a community health nurse/peer counselor team for 6 months after delivery, for low-income mothers. The results suggested that women who received the community health intervention breastfed longer than did the women who received usual care. The women in the intervention group also had fewer infant sick visits and reported use of fewer medications for their infants than did the women who received usual care. The intervention’s cost ($301 per mother) was partially offset by cost savings on formula and health care.