National WIC Association

Maternal health behaviors and infant health outcomes among homeless mothers

Richards R, et al. Maternal health behaviors and infant health outcomes among homeless mothers: US Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children (WIC) 2000–2007. Prev Med. Jan 2011;52(1):87-94.

This study determined whether participation in the WIC Program was associated with improved maternal and infant health outcomes among homeless women in the Pregnancy Risk Assessment Monitoring System. Results showed that homeless women in the WIC Program—compared with those not in the program—were significantly more likely to have a higher body mass index,  initiate breastfeeding after delivery, have prenatal care visits, have a longer gestational age, and have a higher infant birthweight.