Gregory PM, de Jesus ML. Racial differences in birth outcomes and costs in relation to prenatal WIC participation. N J Med. Mar 2003;100(3):29-36.
The researchers examined birth outcomes and costs of infant hospitalization at delivery for black and non-black Medicaid clients, in relation to the level of prenatal participation in the WIC Program. Results showed that prenatal WIC participation was associated with lower Medicaid costs and better birth outcomes, particularly for blacks.