National WIC Association

Rural­–urban differences in breastfeeding initiation in the United States

Sparks J, et al. Rural­–urban differences in breastfeeding initiation in the United States. J Hum Lact. May 2010;26(2):118-129.

This research examined a nationally representative sample of births using the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study—Birth Cohort to explore associations between rural–urban residence and maternal race/ethnicity on breastfeeding initiation. Results indicated that associations observed for rural–urban breastfeeding initiation differed, based on maternal race/ethnicity and poverty status. These patterns likely reflected differences in economic resources, work environments, and social support among rural minority postpartum women.