National WIC Association


All content tagged with the term "breastfeeding".

  • WIC and breastfeeding support services: does the mix of services offered vary with race and ethnicity?

    December 1, 2011 - Bibliography
    This study explored the associations between breastfeeding initiation and the availability of WIC-based breastfeeding support, as well as the racial and ethnic composition of WIC clients in North Carolina. The study found that breastfeeding initiation by site was negatively associated with the percentage of African-American clients and positively associated with percentage of white or Hispanic clients.

  • Factors related to breastfeeding discontinuation between hospital discharge and 2 weeks postpartum

    December 1, 2011 - Bibliography
    Researchers used data from a longitudinal study of postpartum depression to examine factors related to very early discontinuation of breastfeeding (at 2 weeks postpartum). They concluded that expectant and new mothers, especially women who encounter multiple barriers to continuing breastfeeding, could increase duration rates if  they are (1) educated about the benefits of breastfeeding and (2) supported in developing efficient techniques and problem-solving skills.

  • Early postpartum: a critical period in setting the path for breastfeeding success

    December 1, 2011 - Bibliography
    This study explored whether breastfeeding patterns during the period between birth and postnatal WIC certification differed by participation in a local WIC agency that provided breastfeeding peer counselor support (PC), versus two comparison groups: the lactation consultant (LC) and standard care (SC) groups. The breastfeeding initiation rate was higher for the PC group, compared with the LC and SC groups. Participants in the PC group were also more likely to certify as exclusively and partially breastfeeding, compared with those in the LC and SC groups.

  • Predicting intentions to continue exclusive breastfeeding for 6 months: a comparison among racial/ethnic groups

    November 1, 2011 - Bibliography
    The purpose of this study was to explore how mothers of different races/ethnicities make decisions to continue exclusive breastfeeding (EBF) for 6 months under the theory of planned behavior. Intentions to continue EBF for 6 months were similar across racial/ethnic groups. The intention to breastfeed was explained most by the three theoretical constructs: attitude, subjective norm, and perceived behavioral control.

  • Racial/ethnic differences in breastfeeding duration among WIC-eligible families

    September 1, 2011 - Bibliography
    This research documented racial/ethnic differences in breastfeeding duration among mothers from seven diverse racial/ethnic groups in rural and urban areas of the US. The findings suggested that breastfeeding initiation rates and breastfeeding durations of 6 months were lower among WIC-eligible mothers, compared with all mothers. WIC-eligible foreign-born Mexican-Origin Hispanic (FBMOH) mothers were most likely to breastfeed for 6 months.

  • Unintended consequences of the WIC formula rebate program on infant-feeding outcomes: will the new food packages be enough?

    June 1, 2011 - Bibliography
    The objective of this study was to identify the unintended consequences of the WIC formula rebate on the proportion of mothers who breastfed their babies. The results showed that the high and increasing cost of the formula might perpetuate the idea that WIC’s formula packages are of greater value than the breastfeeding packages that WIC offers.

  • Teaching new mothers about infant-feeding cues may increase breastfeeding duration

    June 1, 2011 - Bibliography
    The purpose of this pilot study was to compare two different methods of educating prenatal women about breastfeeding. The results showed that the duration of breastfeeding might increase when prenatal women are taught to identify infant behavior, such as hunger cues.

  • Predictors of breastfeeding exclusivity in a WIC sample

    March 1, 2011 - Bibliography
    This study examined predictors of breastfeeding exclusivity in low-income women who received services from a Chicago-area WIC clinic. Researchers found that women who received first-trimester prenatal care were more likely to exclusively breastfeed than were women who entered prenatal care in later trimesters. In addition, women who declared intentions prenatally to exclusively breastfeed were more likely to exclusively breastfeed than were women who did not intend to breastfeed. Furthermore, overweight/obese women were less likely to exclusively breastfeed than were normal/underweight women.

  • Development of a WIC single-user electric breast pump protocol

    February 1, 2011 - Bibliography
    The authors studied the development of a protocol that compared issuing multi-user electric breast pumps versus single-user breast pumps to WIC Program participants. An appropriate protocol to administer single-user electric breast pumps was developed and might provide some benefits to both WIC staff and WIC mothers.

  • The Surgeon General’s Call to Action to Support Breastfeeding

    January 1, 2011 - Bibliography
    In 2011, the surgeon general’s report urged clinicians, employers, communities, researchers, and government leaders to take on a commitment to enable mothers to meet their personal goals for breastfeeding. According to the report, breastfeeding is the best source of infant nutrition and immunologic protection, and it provides remarkable health benefits to mothers, as well.