National WIC Association

Nutrition Education

All content tagged with the term "nutrition-education".


  • Nutrient intakes and food choices of infants and toddlers participating in WIC

    January 1, 2004 - Bibliography
    Using data from the 2002 Feeding Infants and Toddlers Study (FITS), the researchers examined the nutrient intakes, foods consumed, and feeding patterns of infants and toddlers participating in WIC. Results found that infants enrolled in WIC were less likely to have been breastfed, compared with other US children. Significant numbers of WIC and non-WIC toddlers did not consume enough fruits and vegetables.


  • Zinc intake of US preschool children exceeds new dietary reference intakes

    November 1, 2003 - Bibliography
    This study determined the prevalence of inadequate and excessive intakes of zinc in preschool children. In general, American preschool children had excess dietary zinc intakes, and less than 1% of children had zinc intakes below the adequate intake or estimated average requirement.


  • Final results of the Maryland WIC Food for Life Program

    November 1, 2003 - Bibliography
    This study evaluated the Maryland WIC Food for Life Program, a nutrition education intervention to improve healthy behaviors. Postintervention, participants in the intervention group consumed a smaller percentage of calories from fat, more fruits and vegetables, and more fiber. There was also a dose-response relationship between the number of nutrition education sessions attended and the magnitude of change from baseline.


  • The efficacy of behavioral interventions to modify dietary fat and fruit and vegetable intake: a review of the evidence

    July 1, 2002 - Bibliography
    The authors evaluated the overall effectiveness of behavioral dietary interventions and explored the effectiveness of specific intervention features. Most studies found that interventions led to improvements in dietary behaviors to prevent chronic disease. Because studies varied in design, analysis techniques, and outcome measures, researchers could not draw broad conclusions about the most effective components of the interventions. 


  • Infant-feeding practices and maternal dietary intake among Latino immigrants in California

    July 1, 2002 - Bibliography
    The authors examined infant-feeding practices and maternal diet in Mexican immigrant families in California. Researchers found that mothers living in the US for fewer than 6 years breastfed their infants exclusively for at least 16 weeks. In addition, 20% of mothers living in the US from 6 years to 15 years and 17% of mothers living in the US for more than 15 years exclusively breastfed. Longer duration of residence in the US was associated with significantly higher intakes of vegetables, low-fat milk, salty snacks, animal protein, and cereals.


  • Culturally relevant nutrition education improves dietary quality among WIC-eligible Vietnamese immigrants

    May 1, 2002 - Bibliography
    The objective of the study was to provide culturally appropriate nutrition education to improve the diets of Vietnamese women. Bicultural, bilingual Vietnamese-American nutrition education assistants taught five  to seven lessons in the Vietnamese language, using nutrition education materials written in Vietnamese. Over time, the dietary nutrient density of calcium, riboflavin, vitamin B6, and potassium significantly improved in the intervention group, compared with the control group.


  • A Diet Quality Index for Pregnancy detects variation in diet and differences by sociodemographic factors

    January 1, 2002 - Bibliography
    The authors examined dietary intake of pregnant women using the Diet Quality Index for Pregnancy (DQI-P), a new index developed to reflect current nutritional recommendations for pregnancy and national dietary guidelines. The highest overall DQI-P scores were identified in women who were older than 30, above 350% of the poverty level, nulliparous, and high school graduates. Additionally, higher-income, older, and better-educated women consumed higher amounts of vegetables. But, black, low-income, and nulliparous women consumed greater intakes of folate and iron.