National WIC Association


All content tagged with the term "breastfeeding".

  • Evaluation of a comprehensive “Loving Support” program among state Women, Infants, and Children (WIC) Program breastfeeding coordinators

    June 1, 2004 - Bibliography
    Mississippi was selected as a pilot state in the national breastfeeding promotion campaign titled “Loving Support Makes Breastfeeding Work.” To reinforce the national project, the Mississippi WIC Breastfeeding Promotion Project Team developed a comprehensive program that included patient and family education, staff training, public awareness activities, health professional outreach, and partnership with the community. WIC staff cited staff training, community outreach, and peer counseling as the most beneficial activities.

  • Assessing infant breastfeeding beliefs among low-income Mexican Americans

    June 1, 2004 - Bibliography
    This study involved conducting focus group discussions on breastfeeding beliefs and perceptions with low-income pregnant women and new mothers receiving services from WIC. Participants identified time, embarrassment, and pain as barriers to breastfeeding; discussed decision-making efforts regarding breastfeeding; identified cultural beliefs related to breastfeeding; and discussed the lack of care-provider support for breastfeeding.

  • The effect of breastfeeding with and without formula use on the risk of obesity at 4 years of age

    January 1, 2004 - Bibliography
    The purposes of this study were to determine (1) the shortest duration of breastfeeding required to have a protective effect against obesity, (2) whether formula lessened the effect, and (3) what, if any, maternal or child characteristics influenced the effect. The study found that exclusively breastfeeding for at least 16 weeks, or breastfeeding with some formula supplementation for at least 26 weeks, was associated with a reduced risk of obesity at age 4 in white children whose mothers had not smoked in pregnancy.

  • An evaluation of a breastfeeding education intervention among Spanish-speaking families

    January 1, 2004 - Bibliography
    This study assessed the impact of an educational breastfeeding intervention on the knowledge, attitudes, and perceived ability to access breastfeeding resources among Spanish-speaking Latino families making breastfeeding decisions. The results suggested that teaching a lactation class in Spanish to Latino women significantly increased their willingness to breastfeed. It also empowered them by increasing their belief that they could breastfeed, even if they worked or attended school; that they would not have a problem with insufficient milk; and that they would not need to limit their diet to breastfeed.

  • The “Loving Support” breastfeeding campaign: awareness and practices of health care providers in Mississippi

    November 1, 2003 - Bibliography
    The purpose of this study was to evaluate the impact of the “Loving Support Makes Breastfeeding Work” campaign on health care providers in Mississippi. This study showed that this national breastfeeding promotion had a positive impact on nurses’ breastfeeding awareness and practices.

  • Breastfeeding advice given to African-American and white women by physicians and WIC counselors

    July 1, 2003 - Bibliography
    This study determined rates of breastfeeding advice given to African-American and white women by medical providers and WIC nutrition counselors. It also sought to determine whether racial differences in advice contributed to racial differences in rates of breastfeeding. Results indicated that self-reported racial identification did not predict a medical provider’s advice. However, being African American was associated with less likelihood of being given breastfeeding advice and greater likelihood of receiving bottle-feeding advice from WIC nutrition counselors.

  • Breastfeeding attitudes of WIC staff: a descriptive study

    June 1, 2003 - Bibliography
    The authors interviewed a sample of staff members from the WIC Program about breastfeeding and their perceptions of WIC recipients’ views on breastfeeding. The WIC staff reported that their WIC clients held a variety of opinions about breastfeeding, including cultural beliefs, the importance of family support, and experiences of pain during breastfeeding.

  • Characteristics of teenage mothers and predictors of breastfeeding initiation in the Michigan WIC Program in 1995

    February 1, 2003 - Bibliography
    This study analyzed breastfeeding initiation rates among Michigan preteen and teenage mothers (ages 12 to 19) by demographics and health behaviors. The results showed that for white mothers, the strongest predictor of breastfeeding initiation was education beyond high school. Black mothers were less likely to breastfeed if they had multiparous births.

  • Breastfeeding among low income, African-American women: power, beliefs, and decision making

    January 1, 2003 - Bibliography
    This study applied a social ecological framework to investigate reasons for lagging breastfeeding rates among African-American women. Results show that macro-level factors—such as the media, aggressive marketing of breast milk substitutes, welfare reform, hospital policy, and breastfeeding legislation—interact with micro-level factors to influence a woman’s decision to breastfeed.

  • Predictors of breastfeeding duration for employees of the Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children (WIC)

    September 1, 2002 - Bibliography
    The objective of this study was to find out whether employees at WIC initiated and continued to breastfeed significantly longer than the national averages. As expected, 99% of WIC employees initiated breastfeeding, and 68.6% continued to breastfeed to 1 year, significantly exceeding national averages. Given that nearly 70% of the study participants reached the American Academy of Pediatrics goal of breastfeeding to 12 months or longer, it is clear that full-time employment and breastfeeding can be compatible, given appropriate worksite support.