National WIC Association


All content tagged with the term "breastfeeding".

  • A quasi-experimental evaluation of a breastfeeding support program for low-income women in Michigan

    January 1, 2010 - Bibliography
    This study examined the effectiveness of a peer counseling breastfeeding support program for low-income women in Michigan who participated in the WIC Program. The support program that the researchers evaluated was very effective at increasing breastfeeding among low-income women who participated in WIC, a population that breastfeeds at rates below the national average.

  • Breastfeeding peer support: are there any additional benefits?

    December 1, 2009 - Bibliography
    This study investigated whether breastfeeding peer supporters might offer additional benefits to breastfeeding women and their families, beyond increasing breastfeeding initiation and duration. The findings suggested that breastfeeding peer supporters might have a positive impact on several aspects of families’ lives, including improved mental health, increased self-esteem or confidence, and improved family diet.

  • Progress in protecting, promoting, and supporting breastfeeding: 1984–2009

    October 1, 2009 - Bibliography
    This article examined the progress in breastfeeding support through workplaces, public education, professional education, health system changes, support services, and research. Although there has been considerable progress in breastfeeding support over the past 25 years, significant gaps remain in protecting, promoting, and supporting breastfeeding.

  • Development of supplemental nutrition care program for women, infants, and children in Korea: NutriPlus

    September 1, 2009 - Bibliography
    A public health nutrition intervention was developed in Korea, modeled after WIC. Using combinations of 11 different food items, six food packages were developed. The intervention included nutrition education and promotion of breastfeeding. The result of a 3-year pilot study will be reported separately, along with the outcomes of the nationwide implementation of the NutriPlus(+) nutrition education program in 2008.

  • Breastfeeding and WIC enrollment in the Nurse Family Partnership Program

    September 1, 2009 - Bibliography
    This study explored the association of WIC and lower breastfeeding rates in the Nurse Family Partnership Program. The results showed that when their child was 6 months old, 87.8% of mothers who were not breastfeeding were enrolled in WIC and that 82.6% of mothers who were breastfeeding were enrolled in WIC.

  • The differential impact of WIC peer counseling programs on breastfeeding initiation across the state of Maryland

    August 1, 2009 - Bibliography
    This study examined Maryland’s WIC breastfeeding self-reported initiation rates by participation in one of three groups: (1) peer counselor (PC-treatment) group, (2) lactation consultant (LC) group, and (3) standard care (SC) group. Results showed that the odds of breastfeeding initiation were significantly greater among PC-exposed infants, compared with the reference group of SC infants, but not significantly different between LC and the SC infants. In the Maryland WIC Program, breastfeeding initiation rates were positively associated with peer counseling.

  • Assignment to a hospital-based breastfeeding clinic and exclusive breastfeeding among immigrant Hispanic mothers: a randomized controlled trial

    August 1, 2009 - Bibliography
    A randomized controlled trial was used to determine whether assigning mixed feeders to a breastfeeding clinic within 1 week postpartum would increase exclusive breastfeeding at 1month, among Hispanic immigrants. Results indicated that the intervention group was more likely to exclusively breastfeed; that the incidence of formula supplementation did not differ between groups; and that the intervention group was less likely to supplement with water and tea.

  • Maternal variables influencing duration of breastfeeding among low-income mothers

    June 1, 2009 - Bibliography
    This study investigated the relationship between mothers who breastfed exclusively and those who breastfed partially, as well as the duration of breastfeeding. The results showed that the mothers who breastfed exclusively breastfed longer, were older, and had lower body mass indexes than those mothers who partially breastfed.

  • Effectiveness of exclusive breastfeeding promotion in low-income mothers: a randomized controlled study

    June 1, 2009 - Bibliography
    The objective of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of a breastfeeding promotion program for WIC participants. Although the majority of the women reported breastfeeding their infants, 45.6% in the intervention group and 28.9% of those in the control group practiced exclusive breastfeeding during the first 7 days. By 3 months, the rate of exclusive breastfeeding in the intervention and control groups had dropped to 13.9% and 10.5%, respectively.

  • Variables associated with breastfeeding duration

    May 1, 2009 - Bibliography
    The objective of the study was to identify the variables associated with breastfeeding duration. The results showed that human lactation is a complex phenomenon and that many demographic, physical, social, and psychological variables influenced the duration of breastfeeding.