National WIC Association


All content tagged with the term "breastfeeding".

  • Sources and acceptance of infant-feeding advice among low-income women

    May 1, 2009 - Bibliography
    The purpose of this study was to identify sources and acceptability of infant-feeding advice among WIC participants. Professional advice is perceived as credible when caregivers exhibit characteristics similar to those of experienced family and friends: confidence, empathy, respect, and calm.

  • Peer support and breastfeeding intentions among black WIC participants

    May 1, 2009 - Bibliography
    The purpose of this study was to identify what factors impact infant-feeding decisions of low-income women. Results indicated that women who attended support groups were more than twice as likely to intend to breastfeed, compared with women who did not attend such sessions. These results highlighted the importance of social influences on the decision to breastfeed and indicated the need for broadened community-based education for the promotion of breastfeeding.

  • How motivation influences breastfeeding duration among low-income women

    May 1, 2009 - Bibliography
    This study explored reasons why low-income postpartum women either continued or stopped breastfeeding. The results showed that intrinsically motivated women valued breastfeeding, but often required information and instruction to reach breastfeeding goals. Extrinsically motivated women were least likely to continue breastfeeding, even with support and instruction. Providers could screen women to determine their experience and motivation, to tailor interventions accordingly.

  • Individual net-benefit maximization: a model for understanding breastfeeding cessation among low-income women

    March 1, 2009 - Bibliography
    The authors used the economic theory of individual net-benefit maximization to analyze the social, economic, and psychological disincentives that potentially influence breastfeeding cessation. Results showed that the following disincentives were significantly associated with cessation: WIC participation at 2 to 4 months; a mother who returned to work for 20 to 40 hours per week; a mother who did not attend a postpartum doctor’s visit; a household that did not include a father; presence of a smoker in the household; lack of breastfeeding instruction at the pediatric office; a doctor who did not encourage breastfeeding, and a mother who experienced depressive symptoms.

  • Breastfeeding by Hispanic women

    March 1, 2009 - Bibliography
    This study reviewed the literature describing Hispanic breastfeeding beliefs, attitudes, and practices in the US. The study reported that breastfeeding initiation rates are high among Hispanics living in the US. Newly immigrated women initiated and continued to breastfeed longer than did more acculturated women.

  • A barrier to exclusive breastfeeding for WIC enrollees: limited use of exclusive breastfeeding food package for mothers

    March 1, 2009 - Bibliography
    This study explored reasons for high rates of formula supplementation of breastfeeding newborns enrolled in WIC and the limited use of the WIC expanded food package for mothers who breastfed. Results showed that the expanded food package for mothers was not valued. However, free supplemental formula was highly valued. Lack of access to breast pumps, the unacceptability of pumping in the workplace, and difficulties with nursing in public all contributed to formula supplementation.

  • Reasons for in-hospital formula supplementation of breastfed infants from low-income families

    February 1, 2009 - Bibliography
    The objectives of this study were to identify (1) reasons why low-income breastfeeding mothers begin in-hospital formula supplementation and (2) risk factors of in-hospital formula supplementation. Results indicated that there was no clear medical need for supplementation for 87% of the breastfed infants who received formula supplementation in the hospital. Attending a prenatal breastfeeding class dramatically reduced the likelihood of receiving in-hospital formula supplementation.

  • Characteristics associated with longer breastfeeding duration: an analysis of a peer counseling support program

    February 1, 2009 - Bibliography
    This study examined data from a peer counseling support program for low-income women, to determine how participants’ characteristics and behavior affected breastfeeding outcomes. Shorter breastfeeding duration was significantly predicted by introduction of formula on day 1 postpartum in participants enrolled both prenatally and postnatally. Furthermore, in both groups, increasing maternal age and previous breastfeeding experience were associated with significantly longer breastfeeding duration.

  • Prenatal breastfeeding education and breastfeeding outcomes

    September 1, 2008 - Bibliography
    The purpose of this study was to examine the impact of various breastfeeding outcomes for three cohorts who received different methods of prenatal breastfeeding education. Results showed that women who attended prenatal breastfeeding classes had significantly increased breastfeeding rates at 6 months, when compared with controls. There was no significant difference in rates among the types of classes offered.

  • Are US mothers meeting the Healthy People 2010 breastfeeding targets for initiation, duration, and exclusivity? The 2003 and 2004 National Immunization Surveys

    August 1, 2008 - Bibliography
    The authors analyzed data from the 2003 and 2004 National Immunization Surveys to determine the characteristics of groups meeting the Healthy People 2010 breastfeeding targets. The results indicated that Hispanic children, children of college graduates, and children living in the western part of the country consistently had higher odds of breastfeeding.